Hashish farm was a mannequin for California’s authorized business. Then got here a sheriff’s raid

To marijuana business boosters and Santa Barbara County officers, Barry Model was one of many “good gamers,” a longtime Gerbera daisy grower who pitched hashish as only a new kind of flower within the greenhouse.

When county officers gave reporters a tour of a licensed develop final yr, they picked Model’s operation on Foothill Highway to showcase how their rules have been working and would make all of it however not possible to divert marijuana to the black market.


Sprawling rows of marijuana develop in 300,000 sq. ft of greenhouses at Arroyo Verde in Carpinteria.

(Al Seib/Los Angeles Instances)

Final month the Santa Barbara County sheriff revealed a crease on this tidy snapshot. On Jan. 22, detectives served a search warrant on the farm and reported discovering a stash of greater than 100 gallons of concentrated hashish oil, an extraction lab and proof of “off-book” gross sales” — all unlawful.

“They have been thought-about to be type of the fashions,” stated Bernard Melekian, the previous undersheriff who turned the county’s hashish czar final month. He chuckled about his predecessor taking The Instances on a tour of the farm in Could. “I notice there’s a sure irony there.”

He added that the monitoring system is “nowhere close to up and operating” and had nothing to do with the sheriff’s search.


Marijuana crops within the Carpinteria Valley, the place officers have permitted the densest focus of pot farms within the U.S.

(Al Seib/Los Angeles Instances)

Lionel Neff, a critic of the proliferation of hashish within the space, stated “nobody was shocked” by the raid at Model’s Arroyo Verde farm, considered one of many operations accused of fouling the air in Carpinteria.

“In the event that they have been good operators, they’d have taken the neighborhood into consideration from the start.”

Neff is hopeful that the raid is an indication that Melekian goes to take a more durable have a look at the politically connected farmers than county officers have up to now.

Model, 57, is a outstanding member of one of many two Dutch households — the Manufacturers and Van Wingerdens — who introduced the cut-flower business to the Carpinteria Valley many years in the past. The clans are intertwined and now rising marijuana of their quite a few sprawling greenhouses north of city.

Barry Model has been an influential determine on this city of simply 13,000. He’s lively within the Lions and Rotary golf equipment, and was one the 15 members of the business group CARP Growers (Hashish Assn. for Accountable Producers). In August, the group agreed to donate $189,000 to the Carpinteria Unified School District. In September, he and his spouse co-hosted a fundraiser for the native Ladies Inc. and donated $10,000 for his or her desk. The gala introduced in over $250,000.


Dennis Bozanich, the Santa Barbara County official who applied the county’s marijuana program, inspects a pungent bud at Arroyo Verde in Could.

(Al Seib/Los Angeles Instances)

The Jan. 22 raid highlights how little officers knew concerning the operations they authorized for state licensing.

Within the final two years, county supervisors voted to permit grows of limitless measurement and quantity, with little or no vetting, turning a county well-known for its wine-tasting and scenic shoreline into California’s new and sudden breadbasket of marijuana cultivation.

Model and different growers have been closely concerned in growing the hashish coverage, hiring lobbyists, attorneys and communications companies, making donations to political campaigns. Model contributed $10,000 to the 2 county supervisors main the hassle: $eight,000 to Das Williams and $2,000 to Steve Lavagnino.

The unregulated rush of planting sparked clashes from the south coast to Santa Maria. On this seaside city, neighbors and faculty kids complained about the plant’s skunk-like odor, whereas different residents and a few companies counter that the roles and tax income are good for the native financial system.

By summer time of final yr, growers in Santa Barbara County had obtained extra state licenses than locations like Humboldt and Mendocino. Humboldt now barely edges out Santa Barbara, which after a backlash put a cap on the whole variety of acres that might be cultivated with pot countywide.

On Jan. 20, attorneys for a coalition of critics of the business despatched a letter to the U.S. legal professional in Los Angeles asking to launch “an investigation of business hashish cultivators which might be working inside 1,000 ft of faculties.” The petition sought enforcement in opposition to the county, underneath the Civil Rights Act, citing “pernicious impacts close to colleges attended by predominantly Hispanic kids.”

When The Instances toured the power, Dennis Bozanich, the county government who labored with supervisors to create the hashish coverage, stated a monitoring system and common inspections would make it troublesome for growers to divert even 2% of their crop to the black market.

Model’s supervisor, who requested to not be named on the time, was extra skeptical.

“Relying on how the operator desires to recreation the system, I’m positive there are methods to do it,” he stated. “All of this will depend on a partnership between the nice operators and the county and the state.”


Fertilizer is mixed with water on the greenhouse to feed the hashish crops. Lecturers at colleges close to such operations have complained concerning the scent.

(Al Seib/Los Angeles Instances)

The said aim of Santa Barbara’s cultivation program was to carry tens of hundreds of thousands in tax income. However the Board of Supervisors, guided by Bozanich, Williams and Lavagnio, created a system with loopholes.

For one, they voted for a four% tax on gross receipts as an alternative of a tax primarily based on licensed sq. footage of the crop. As a result of the county has no entry to the state monitoring information, and growers function in a money world with little or no banking information, the tax collector’s workplace has needed to depend on their phrase about how a lot they made.

Consultants stated in February 2018 that the county may anticipate to gather between $15 million and $22 million yearly from the 47 acres licensed to develop at that time.

Practically six occasions that variety of acres, 275, are licensed now, information present.

However within the final yr and a half, the county acquired solely $9.76 million.

As an indicator to how a lot of the hashish is flooding the underground market: Sheriff searches of 29 unlicensed operators and 15 licensed ones turned up $294 million price of unlawful product, Melekian stated. And with a number of crop cycles, those operators could have had several times that amount over the course of a yr. On the identical time, licensed growers reported solely $167 million in authorized income within the final fiscal yr to the county.

Sheriff’s spokeswoman Raquel Zick stated the investigation into Model was persevering with. The sheriff searched Model’s 4 parcels on suspicion that he was “rising and processing marijuana outdoors of the licensed parcel in addition to possessing and promoting hashish crude (oil) with no license.”

Detectives found “off-book [black market] marijuana gross sales related to the farm,” a small risky extrication lab, about 20 kilos of illegally saved hashish and “1,000 kilos of hashish crude.” That quantity of crude oil bought wholesale could be price between $1.1 million to $1.6 million in California’s authorized market, rather more out of state, in response to business insiders.

CARP Growers, which was closely concerned in crafting the county’s marijuana coverage, stated Model resigned his membership after the raid. Model didn’t return calls and emails looking for remark.

Simply 4 days earlier than the sheriff’s search, Model opened his farm to 100 “neighborhood members” for a tour that presumably didn’t embody the extraction lab, which are known to explode, if not accomplished to skilled requirements.

“We like to share how our crops have helped carry reduction to these in want,” Model informed Coastal View journal. “I had an excellent day sharing our great farm with the general public.”