Crowds spilling out into the streets chanted “resist until the top” and “Hong Kong independence”.
Police fired water cannon to chase them away and later stated they’d made 30 arrests for unlawful meeting, obstruction, possession of weapons and violating the brand new regulation.
Earlier, police cited the regulation for the primary time in confronting protesters.
“You’re displaying flags or banners/chanting slogans/or conducting yourselves with an intent akin to secession or subversion, which can represent offences beneath the … nationwide safety regulation,” police stated in a message displayed on a purple banner.
The regulation will punish crimes of secession, subversion, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces with as much as life in jail and formally arrange mainland safety businesses in Hong Kong for the primary time, with powers past metropolis legal guidelines.
China’s parliament adopted it in response to months of pro-democracy protests final yr triggered by fears that Beijing was stifling town’s freedoms, assured by a “one nation, two methods” components agreed when it returned to Chinese language rule.
Authorities in Beijing and Hong Kong have repeatedly stated the laws is geared toward just a few “troublemakers” and won’t have an effect on rights and freedoms, nor investor pursuits.
However critics concern it’s going to crush the freedoms which might be seen as key to Hong Kong’s success as a monetary centre.
“With the discharge of the total element of the regulation, it ought to be clear to these in any doubt that this isn’t the Hong Kong they grew up in,” stated Hasnain Malik, head of fairness analysis, Tellimer in Dubai.
“The distinction is that US and China relations are far worse and this could possibly be used as a pretext to impede the function of Hong Kong as a finance hub.”
In Beijing, Zhang Xiaoming, government deputy director of Beijing’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Workplace, instructed reporters suspects arrested by a brand new Beijing-run safety workplace could possibly be tried on the mainland.
He stated the brand new workplace abided by Chinese language regulation and that Hong Kong’s authorized system couldn’t be anticipated to implement the legal guidelines of the mainland. Article 55 of the regulation states that Beijing’s safety workplace in Hong Kong may train jurisdiction over “advanced” or “critical” instances.
“The regulation is a birthday present to [Hong Kong] and can present its valuable worth sooner or later,” Zhang stated, including the regulation wouldn’t be utilized retroactively.
On July 1 final yr, a whole lot of protesters stormed and vandalised town’s legislature to protest towards a now-scrapped invoice that will have allowed extraditions to mainland China.
These protests advanced into requires larger democracy, paralysing components of town and paving the best way for Beijing’s imposition of the regulation this week.
Talking at a flag-raising ceremony to mark the handover anniversary, town’s Beijing-backed chief, Carrie Lam, stated the regulation was an important growth for the reason that metropolis’s return to Chinese language rule.
“It’s also an inevitable and immediate determination to revive stability,” Lam stated on the harbour-front venue the place 23 years in the past the final colonial governor, Chris Patten, a staunch critic of the safety regulation, tearfully handed again Hong Kong to China.
Some pro-Beijing officers and political commentators say the regulation was geared toward sealing Hong Kong’s “second return” to the motherland after the primary didn’t carry residents to heel.
Luo Huining, the pinnacle of Beijing’s high consultant workplace in Hong Kong, stated on the ceremony the regulation was a “widespread aspiration” of Hong Kong residents.
Critics denounced the shortage of transparency on particulars of the laws till it was unveiled. It got here into power at 11pm native time on Tuesday (1am AEST).
Some pro-democracy activists gave up membership of their teams simply earlier than the regulation got here into power, although calling for the marketing campaign for democracy to go on offshore.
“I noticed this morning there are celebrations for Hong Kong’s handover, however to me it’s a funeral, a funeral for ‘one nation two methods’,” stated pro-democracy lawmaker Kwok Ka-ki.