Steve Jobs, the unstable Apple founder who used to go on lengthy walks with Zuckerberg, resigned in 2011, two months earlier than his loss of life from most cancers. Larry Web page and Sergey Brin, the founders of Google (each 47 years previous), have additionally left their govt roles.
That naturally raises the query of when Zuckerberg himself may step down – or whether or not he ever will.
“I’ve all the time had the impression that for Zuckerberg, his firm Fb is all there’s. I don’t suppose there’s the rest; the whole lot else is peripheral,” says Howard Scott Warshaw, a Silicon Valley programmer turned psychotherapist, whose latest e-book As soon as Upon An Atari charts his time on the doomed online game firm after the compelled exit of its founder Nolan Bushnell.
Whereas stressing that his view of Zuckerberg is instinct primarily based on interviews and studies, not a prognosis, he says the Harvard dropout appears to have extra of his self-image and emotional satisfaction invested in his particular firm than different tech bosses.
“This was one thing that began as a easy train for him again at Harvard. It bought uncontrolled, and it ended up depositing him in a vastly influential state of affairs,” says Warshaw.
“I simply don’t know that there’s a lot else in his identification formation: that is such an enormous towering piece, and the worth he derives from it’s so immense, that he couldn’t give it up, couldn’t launch it.”
Zuckerberg doesn’t have the identical exterior pursuits that Bezos does. Whereas he has arrange a serious charitable basis along with his spouse Priscilla Chan, referred to as the Chan-Zuckerberg Initiative, he doesn’t personal different corporations akin to Bezos’s house colonisation effort Blue Origin, not to mention a newspaper.
As a youthful man he idolised Augustus, the primary Roman emperor, who dominated till his loss of life on the age of 75 and was thereafter declared a god by the senate.
In the meantime, his management over Fb is nearly unassailable. He’s chief govt, chairman of the board and, because of its multi-class share construction, its controlling shareholder with 58 per cent of the vote. Solely voluntary resignation or authorities motion are prone to oust him.
“Hearth Mark Zuckerberg” has lengthy been a cry of hostile activists, and in 2019 a coalition of shareholders made a symbolic sally towards his chairmanship. The identical yr, a mammoth fantastic from US regulators over the Cambridge Analytica scandal got here with a word of dissent from one commissioner, who argued that Zuckerberg ought to have been personally charged.
But Zuckerberg exhibits each signal of resisting such efforts fiercely. As a youthful man he idolised Augustus, the primary Roman emperor, who dominated till his loss of life on the age of 75 and was thereafter declared a god by the senate. In Fb’s early days, his title on the positioning was “Founder, Grasp and Commander, Enemy of the State”.
Insiders describe Fb as uniquely centralised, with immense private authority invested in its chief. Inside the organisation, Zuckerberg has his personal small group of trusted leaders that he turns to for recommendation, generally known as the “M-team”, the place “M” stands for Mark. After Cambridge Analytica and the scandals that adopted, he reportedly advised his staff that Fb was at battle, that he was a “wartime CEO”, and that disagreement would not be so welcome.
“The factor workers at Fb worth most is freedom, as a result of they don’t get any of it once they work there,” a former high govt as soon as complained to Zuckerberg’s biographer Steven Levy, who translated: “Freedom from Zuckerberg.”
Zuckerberg can also be deeply connected to his personal product. In accordance with journalist Sarah Frier, after shopping for Instagram, he repeatedly sought to hamstring the app, seeing it as a supply of competitors towards his cherished fundamental Fb service regardless of being absolutely below his possession.
The end result has been a dearth of apparent successors, in distinction to Jeff Bezos’s well-known willingness to delegate. “Bezos developed a really, very sturdy govt management staff, and there have been a number of individuals who had been talked about as potential replacements, any of whom you would have imagined operating an enormous firm,” says Rob Siegel, a enterprise capitalist and administration professor at Stanford College.
“If Zuckerberg stepped down tomorrow, we might in all probability give you two or three names who could be candidates to run the enterprise… however you don’t have these tales of the deep bench.”
The primary exception is Sheryl Sandberg, his chief working officer, who has dominated her facet of the enterprise with nice latitude. But she has gone quiet within the final yr. As a businesswoman and former politico she may also wrestle to carry affect in an organization that prides itself for its “engineering tradition”.
Different candidates is perhaps Adam Mosseri, a key lieutenant who moved up from the boss of Fb Messenger to go of Instagram. Chris Cox, Zuckerberg’s longtime chief product officer, would even be a robust horse in an organization that prizes person expertise.
In the end, although, Siegel believes that may change, and sees no cause why Zuckerberg received’t observe the identical route when he too reaches his late 40s or 50s.
“When Invoice Gates was Zuckerberg’s age, he was a fierce competitor. He was Microsoft. Folks had been afraid of him… he had no exterior hobbies. He had no exterior exercise.
“So it’s doable that Zuckerberg will look extra like Gates – after which the query is, will he flip into the world’s best philanthropist in the identical method?”