The lately launched International Trade Union Confederation (Ituc) Global Rights Index discovered that, in 2020, strikes have been “severely restricted or banned” in 85% of the nations surveyed. This is a rise of 25% since 2014.
In accordance with the examine, which seems on the worst nations for staff, this erosion of the suitable to strike has been accompanied by a slew of different violations, together with the limiting of staff’ rights to hitch trade unions and to entry collective bargaining.
Within the final 12 months, South Africa’s international labour rights score has worsened, indicating that the nation has seen common violations.
The Ituc findings don’t bode properly for staff, particularly because the Covid-19 pandemic plunges economies into disaster and governments step in to guard employers from its results.
The examine notes that the financial results of the pandemic have laid naked longstanding deficiencies in labour rights world wide.
“The restoration course of might give us a brand new mannequin for the worldwide economic system; a brand new dedication to staff’ rights and renewed funding in compliance and the rule of regulation … However except we construct belief in democracy, starting with office democracy, we put in danger the very basis of our societies,” the examine reads.
The International Labour Organisation predicts that the pandemic will set off huge losses in working hours, equal to 305-million full-time jobs, within the second quarter of 2020.
This may have a disproportionate impact on staff within the casual sector, who already don’t take pleasure in the identical protections as formal staff. Casual staff usually expertise poorer working situations and weaker commerce union illustration.
The scenario in South Africa
In South Africa, the pandemic comes on the again of a set of sweeping changes to labour legislation at the end of 2018, which critics argued rolled again hard-won rights of staff to strike.
Considered one of these modifications was the controversial strike poll provision, which requires commerce unions to conduct a vote in secret earlier than embarking on industrial motion. The supply has been utilized by the labour registrar to deregister commerce unions which have did not conduct strike ballots.
The supply has additionally been utilized by employers to interdict strikes by deeming them unprotected, though a latest labour attraction courtroom judgment has refuted the lawfulness of this plan of action.
The March 27 nationwide lockdown introduced an extra limitation to the suitable to strike, particularly for staff deemed important through the interval.
The Labour Relations Act defines important service staff as these whose companies can’t be disrupted, resembling paramedics and air-traffic controllers. However below the lockdown this class was expanded to incorporate meals, retail and manufacturing business staff.
The Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) has stepped in on at the least three events to stop strikes by these staff through the lockdown.
In the meantime establishments by which staff entry their rights, just like the CCMA, have been pressured to restrict their operations through the first phases of the lockdown.
In April, the Mail & Guardian revealed that within the first month of the lockdown the CCMA handled a mean of 190 case referrals a day. This was down from a mean of 775 new circumstances referred to the CCMA each working day within the 2018-2019 monetary 12 months.
CCMA workplaces reopened in Could. However the announcement of their reopening was quickly adopted by information of non permanent closures in East London, Cape City, Tshwane, Rustenburg, Klerksdorp, Polokwane and Johannesburg.
Earlier this month the division of employment and labour introduced that a number of of its workplaces “have been affected by the Covid-19 virus”. The Unemployment Insurance Fund head workplace in Pretoria needed to shut its doorways this month after a workers member examined optimistic for the virus.